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What is the difference between PCB and PCBA?

November 17, 2021

What is the difference between PCB and PCBA?

PCB is the abbreviation of Printed Circuit Board, translated into Chinese, it is called printed circuit board. Since it is made by electronic printing, it is called "printed" circuit board. PCB is an important electronic component in the electronics industry and a support for electronic components. PCB has been extremely widely used in the manufacture of electronic products, the reason why it can be widely used.

Its unique characteristics are summarized as follows:
1. High wiring density, small size and light weight, which is conducive to the miniaturization of electronic equipment.
2. Due to the repeatability and consistency of the graphics, the wiring and assembly errors are reduced, and the maintenance, debugging and inspection time of the equipment is saved.
3. It is conducive to mechanization and automatic production, which improves labor productivity and reduces the cost of electronic equipment.
4. The design can be standardized to facilitate interchange


PCBA is the abbreviation of Printed Circuit Board + Assembly, which means that PCBA passes through the entire process of PCB blank board SMT loading and then DIP plug-in.


SMT and DIP are both ways to integrate parts on the PCB. The main difference is that SMT does not need to drill holes on the PCB. In DIP, the PIN pins of the parts need to be inserted into the holes that have been drilled.

SMT (Surface Mounted Technology) surface mount technology mainly uses mounters to mount some tiny parts on the PCB. The production process is: PCB board positioning, solder paste printing, mounter mounting, and reflow Furnace and finished inspection.

DIP means "plug-in", that is, inserting parts on the PCB board. This is the integration of parts in the form of plug-ins when some parts are larger in size and are not suitable for placement technology. The main production process is: sticking adhesive, plug-in, inspection, wave soldering, printing and finished inspection.


From the above introduction, we can know that PCBA generally refers to a processing process, which can also be understood as a finished circuit board, which means that PCBA can only be counted after the processes on the PCB board are completed. The PCB refers to an empty printed circuit board with no parts on it. The above is the difference between PCB and PCBA.


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